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first_imgMay 16, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – Contaminated dry dog food contributed to a Salmonella outbreak that sickened at least 70 people in 19 states in 2006 and 2007, many of them babies, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported today.An investigation of the outbreak—believed to be the first human Salmonella infections linked to dry pet food—was conducted by public health officials from Pennsylvania and other states, along with the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Findings appear in today’s issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).News of the outbreak came to light in June 2007 when PulseNet, an electronic network for sharing molecular data, identified Salmonella enterica serotype Schwarzengrund infections from a handful of states that had indistinguishable pulse-field gel electrophoresis patterns, according to MMWR.Initial interviews of patients from Pennsylvania who were sickened by the outbreak strain suggested exposure to dogs or dry dog food; 8 (62%) owned one or more dogs, and the other 5 had regular contact with a dog.Dog stool samples and dry dog food collected from some of the homes also tested positive for the same S Schwarzengrund strain. The two dog food samples that tested positive for the outbreak strain were both produced at the same plant in Pennsylvania, though there were two different brands.The last reported illness onset date was October 2007. Most of the 70 confirmed cases were patients from Pennsylvania (29), New York (9), and Ohio (7). Of 61 patients for whom the age was known, 24 (39%) were age 1 or younger. Among 45 patients for whom hospitalization status was known, 11 (24%) were hospitalized, but no deaths were reported.A case-control study suggested that four dry pet food brands were associated with Salmonella illnesses, and all were produced at the same plant. A Sep 4, 2007, CDC update on the outbreak said the contaminated dry dog food brands were produced by Mars Petcare, headquartered in Nashville.On Aug 21, the company voluntarily recalled two of its products that in an environmental investigation yielded the outbreak strain. One was 5-lb bags of Krasdale Gravy dry dog food; the other was 50-lb bags of Red Flannel Large Breed Adult Formula dry dog food. However, MMWR reported that some of the brands that were linked to illnesses were not included in the recall.”Because dry pet food has a 1-year shelf life and all contaminated products were not recalled, contaminated dry pet food might still be found in homes and could provide the potential for causing illness,” the CDC reported.The CDC said that, although an S Schwarzengrund source was never identified at the pet food plant, equipment may have been contaminated, or tainted ingredients may have entered the plant. Though the production of dry pet food usually involves heat treatment as the product is made, it is usually sprayed with a flavor enhancer such as an animal fat.A spate of Salmonella outbreaks in humans has been connected to handling pet treats such as pig ears or food snacks, pet vitamins, and raw-food diets. However, the CDC said the S Schwarzengrund outbreak is the first to be associated with dry pet food.The CDC advises people to wash their hands with warm soapy water for 20 seconds after handling dry pet food, treats, or supplements to avoid getting sick from contaminated pet food. It also advises keeping infants away from pet feeding areas and making sure young children don’t touch or eat the items.CDC. Multistate outbreak of human Salmonella infections caused by contaminated dry dog food—United States, 2006-2007. MMWR 2008;57(19):521-4 [Full text]See also:Sep 4, 2007, CDC update on Salmonella Schwarzengrund outbreakAug 28, 2007, CIDRAP news story “Outbreak strain of Salmonella found in dog food”last_img read more

first_imgVINTON, Iowa – With the biggest divisional increase attributed to the Sprint Cars, a record 102 IMCA drivers earned Allstar Performance State championships this season.Thirteen Sprint Car drivers were crowned state kings, eight more than in 2014. Modified champi­ons were named in 26 states, the most since 2001.Myron DeYoung ruled the Modifieds in Michigan for the fifth time in his career. Ricky Stephan re­peated in South Dakota; he’s also won the Iowa state crown three times..Drew Armstrong will hang a fourth Arkansas state plaque on his wall. Drivers winning career se­cond titles were Dean Deming in New Mexico, Mike Densberger in Nebraska, Jeremy Meirhofer in Montana, Robert Miller in Nevada and Spencer Wilson in North Dakota.First-time title winners were Jason Barnhill in Florida, Justin Elmer in Wyoming, Van Gemmill in Oklahoma, Kevin Green in Texas, Daryl Hay in Missouri, Scott Hogan in Iowa, Jeff Hunter in Colo­rado, Jake Donnelly in Idaho, Justin Jones in Minnesota, Keith Lamphere in New York, Jesse Richter in Kansas, Dusty Safley in Utah, Brian Schultz in Arizona, Eric Scribner in Wisconsin, Scott Sessions in Alabama, Matt Werner in Illinois, Alexander Wilson in California and Collen Wine­barger in Oregon.Densberger and Meirhofer are repeat champions in their respective states. Barnhill is the first Flor­ida state champion since 2005, Sessions the first Alabama state champion since 2010.If not already qualified, all Modified state champions become candidates for the Fast Shafts All-Star invitational.National rookie of the year Paul Nagle paced Iowa state standings for Late Models. Matt Ryan led the way in Illinois; he’d been first in Hawkeye State points in 2009.The parade of first-ever champions in the Sprint Car division includes Blake Carrier in Louisiana, Mike Downs in Ohio, Mike Haggenbottom in New Jersey, Matt Hope in North Carolina, Jesse Mack in California, Zach Newlin in Pennsylvania and Eric Smith in Indiana.Also winning career first state titles were Doug Lovegrove in Nebraska, Chad Wilson in Texas and Matt Ziebarth in South Dakota.Jerald Harris and Matt Moro won back-to-back crowns in Virginia and Iowa, respectively. Brandon Al­len now owns Minnesota awards from 2001 and 2015.Dan Mackenthun adds a seventh career and third consecutive Minnesota state Stock Car plaque to his collection while Jason Ward paced standings in South Dakota for a sixth straight season.Damon Murty won for the fourth time in his career, and for the third consecutive season in Iowa.Gregory Gutt repeated in Colorado. Other two-time Stock Car state champs are Aaron Corley in New Mexico, Ronald Hurt in California and Kirk Martin in Texas.Winners of career first crowns were Manny Baldiviez in Arizona, Joren Boyce in North Dakota, James Lynch in Illinois, Jason Rogers in Kansas, Travis Van Straten in Wisconsin, Mike Wise­man in Oklahoma and Zach Zentner in Nebraska.Baldiviez is the first Arizona state champion in the division. Van Straten is a former Northern SportMod champ in Wisconsin and Boyce is an eight-time North Dakota Modified state king.John Cain’s Hobby Stock title in South Dakota is his career fifth. Shannon Anderson aced Iowa for the third season. Tiffany Bittner topped the state points race in Nebraska and Cory Probst led the way in Minnesota, both for the second consecutive season.The eight Hobby Stock drivers winning first state crowns were Gary Goudy Sr. in North Dakota, Leonard Jones in Arizona, Wesley Mayer in New Mexico, Marcus Moede in Wisconsin, Shane Oknewski in Colorado, Jeremy Oliver in Texas, John Produit in Wyoming and Tyrel Smith in Kan­sas.The Minnesota state championship for Northern SportMods went to Matt Looft for the fifth straight year. Robby Rosselli reigned in North Dakota for the third consecutive season.Repeat champs were Rex Higgins in New Mexico, Lucas Lamberies in Wisconsin and Chris Toth in Arizona. Kenny Vollmer’s Idaho title was his career second.Drivers winning career first state titles in the class were Wayland Duncan in Utah, Jarett Franzen in Illinois, Michael Medel in Oregon, Kayden Menasco in Oklahoma, Clay Money in Kansas, Rusty Montagne in South Dakota, Ryan Moser in Colorado, Tony Olson in Iowa, Fred Ryland in California, Nelson Vollbrecht in Nebraska and Kevin Wright in Wyoming.Higgins is a four-time Stock Car state champion. Rosselli has also won twice in the Stocks, Monta­gne twice in the Hobbies.Jeffrey Kaup’s Kansas state crown was his Southern SportMod career fourth in a row. Travis Gray raced to his fourth career championship in Utah.Career-first titles went to Jeffrey Abbey in Texas, Brock Aeschbacher in Idaho, Jesse Baldwin in Colorado, Logan Ellis in Oklahoma, Shane Helton in New Mexico and Kyle Menlove in Wyoming.Cody Thompson’s Sport Compact championship was his fourth in a row in South Dakota while Nate Coopman won for the fourth time in his career in Minnesota.Shannon Pospisil repeated atop the Nebraska point standings. Scott Johnson becomes the first Wisconsin champion crowned in the 4-cylinder class.The first-time champions were Kimberly Abbott in Illinois, Brandon Anderson in North Dakota, Jay DeVries in Iowa, Bryan Moore in Colorado, Randy Murphy in Kansas and Danny Sims in Texas.IMCA began crowning state champions in 2000. The previous single-season record of 91 state champions was set last year.State champions will be among the drivers honored during the national awards banquet on Nov. 28 in Lincoln, Neb.last_img read more

first_imgThe pair were both handed 21-month jail terms in a ruling recently confirmed by Spain’s supreme court.Now the original Barcelona trial court must decide whether the sentences should be suspended in accordance with Spanish custom for first-time offenders whose prison terms do not exceed two years.Prosecutors have asked for a two-year sentence and a €10m fine for Neymar, who was cleared of fraud but ordered to stand trial over alleged corruption in his 2013 move from Brazilian club Santos to Barcelona.Now Ronaldo has become the third and final member of the elite La Liga trio to face criminal accusations, after prosecutors announced they were pursuing the 32-year-old former Manchester United man on four counts of tax fraud.A source close to Ronaldo told the BBC that “he’s very sad and really upset” about the allegations. “He doesn’t want to stay in Spain. At this moment, he wants to leave,” the source said.Soon after David Beckham joined Real Madrid in 2003, he was able to enjoy a new tax-exemption scheme aimed at attracting foreign talent to Spain across all sectors. That scheme became known as the Beckham Law, when he became one of the first players to sign up to a six-year-long tax ceiling of 24%, roughly half what Spaniards paid on six-figure-plus incomes.Spain was in the midst of an unprecedented economic boom, a perfect playground for “galacticos” of the likes of Zinedine Zidane and Luis Figo, before the arrival of Cristiano Ronaldo and the emergence of Barcelona prodigy Lionel Messi.But in 2010 the Beckham Law was scrapped for salaries of more than €600,000, and since then tax inspectors have begun to wise up to the use of complex financial operations using offshore shell companies to get around tax laws.“The line between avoidance and evasion is very fine in these cases. In the past few years Spain’s tax agency has intensified its control over footballers and their companies, checking to see if they are mere fronts or whether they are really active economically,” explains Carlos Cruzado, president of tax inspectors’ union Gestha.Neymar is the odd one out. His case involves alleged wrongdoing towards a contractual party regarding his transfer fee, but the forward has been found guilty in his native Brazil for tax fraud on money earned while playing for Santos.The Messi and Ronaldo cases are similar. Both are accused of avoiding tax on sale of image rights by using offshore companies. However, the Portuguese was registered as a non-resident taxpayer under the Beckham Law, while the Argentine has spent his entire adult life registered in Spain.Prosecutors accuse the Real Madrid star of evading tax of €14.7m between 2011 and 2014 via an alleged shell company called Tollin Associates, registered in the British Virgin Islands.Spanish investigators say the company, owned by Ronaldo, is a “screen” and has no economic activity apart from having bought and then ceded the player’s image rights to a firm based in Ireland that “genuinely manages [his] rights sales”.Prosecutors also claim that money earned from image rights was incorrectly described as capital gains, to benefit from a lower tax rate.Lionel Messi was informed by the judge in his case it was no defence to plead ignorance and argue that his father was the only person who knew how his money was being managed.Neymar has denied any wrongdoing and told the court investigating his case that his father and associates dealt with off-field business matters.Cristiano Ronaldo’s representatives and legal team say the only dispute can be about quantity and that there has been no intention to commit fraud. “There is no tax evasion scheme… There has never been any hiding nor any intention to hide anything,” they say.They argue he has paid tax to the Spanish treasury on 20% of his total image rights when, in fact, more than 90% of these are generated outside Spain as he is such a global name.“The tax agency clearly thinks that if he is being paid for wearing certain boots, shirts or caps in Spain, then he cannot claim this money is being earned abroad,” explains Mr Cruzado.Neymar and Lionel Messi look set to be spared prison due to Spain’s unwritten two-year-sentence rule, even if Neymar is eventually found guilty.Cristiano Ronaldo may be a different matter. Three of the four accusations of tax fraud are considered by prosecutors to be “aggravated”, so they carry a minimum sentence of two years each. Four guilty verdicts and he could face as many as seven years.However, an investigating judge needs to ratify the prosecutors’ accusations, and that could take many months or even years.Even if the investigating magistrate does take up the case, the Portuguese will have several options and a guilty verdict would not necessarily mean jail.He could admit guilt, pay taxes and fines in advance and reduce any eventual jail term to a half or quarter of the statutory minimum. That way he would slip under the standard two-year bar for first-time offenders and see his sentence suspended.LA LIGA RICH LIST*$93mCristiano Ronaldo: $58m salary, $35m endorsements*$80m Lionel Messi: $53m salary, $27m endorsements*$37m Neymar: $15m salary, $22m endorsementsShare this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram Spain has attracted arguably the three brightest lights of world football, with Cristiano Ronaldo of Real Madrid and Barcelona’s Lionel Messi and Neymar all plying their skills in La Liga.Over the past year, football fans have become used to seeing the trio caught up in accusations of tax fraud and other financial crimes by the Spanish courts.And they are not the only players in the crosshairs of the Spanish judiciary. In 2016, Lionel Messi’s Argentina and Barcelona team-mate, Javier Mascherano, received a one-year suspended prison sentence for tax fraud.Lionel Messi and father Jorge were last year convicted of defrauding the Spanish state of €4.1m (£3.6m; $4.6m) in unpaid taxes on the striker’s image rights, controlled by offshore companies in Belize and Uruguay.last_img read more

first_imgPop singer Taylor Swift made a donation of $1 million to tornado relief efforts in Middle Tennessee, where deadly storms ravaged counties this week, including in Nashville.In an Instagram post made Thursday, Swift said “Nashville is my home.” She added that “the fact that so many people have lost their homes and so much more in Middle Tennessee is devastating to me.” She included a link to the Middle Tennessee Emergency Response Fund. The statewide death toll was 24.At Least 19 Dead After Tornadoes Slam Nashvillelast_img read more