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first_imgMay 16, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – Contaminated dry dog food contributed to a Salmonella outbreak that sickened at least 70 people in 19 states in 2006 and 2007, many of them babies, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported today.An investigation of the outbreak—believed to be the first human Salmonella infections linked to dry pet food—was conducted by public health officials from Pennsylvania and other states, along with the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Findings appear in today’s issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).News of the outbreak came to light in June 2007 when PulseNet, an electronic network for sharing molecular data, identified Salmonella enterica serotype Schwarzengrund infections from a handful of states that had indistinguishable pulse-field gel electrophoresis patterns, according to MMWR.Initial interviews of patients from Pennsylvania who were sickened by the outbreak strain suggested exposure to dogs or dry dog food; 8 (62%) owned one or more dogs, and the other 5 had regular contact with a dog.Dog stool samples and dry dog food collected from some of the homes also tested positive for the same S Schwarzengrund strain. The two dog food samples that tested positive for the outbreak strain were both produced at the same plant in Pennsylvania, though there were two different brands.The last reported illness onset date was October 2007. Most of the 70 confirmed cases were patients from Pennsylvania (29), New York (9), and Ohio (7). Of 61 patients for whom the age was known, 24 (39%) were age 1 or younger. Among 45 patients for whom hospitalization status was known, 11 (24%) were hospitalized, but no deaths were reported.A case-control study suggested that four dry pet food brands were associated with Salmonella illnesses, and all were produced at the same plant. A Sep 4, 2007, CDC update on the outbreak said the contaminated dry dog food brands were produced by Mars Petcare, headquartered in Nashville.On Aug 21, the company voluntarily recalled two of its products that in an environmental investigation yielded the outbreak strain. One was 5-lb bags of Krasdale Gravy dry dog food; the other was 50-lb bags of Red Flannel Large Breed Adult Formula dry dog food. However, MMWR reported that some of the brands that were linked to illnesses were not included in the recall.”Because dry pet food has a 1-year shelf life and all contaminated products were not recalled, contaminated dry pet food might still be found in homes and could provide the potential for causing illness,” the CDC reported.The CDC said that, although an S Schwarzengrund source was never identified at the pet food plant, equipment may have been contaminated, or tainted ingredients may have entered the plant. Though the production of dry pet food usually involves heat treatment as the product is made, it is usually sprayed with a flavor enhancer such as an animal fat.A spate of Salmonella outbreaks in humans has been connected to handling pet treats such as pig ears or food snacks, pet vitamins, and raw-food diets. However, the CDC said the S Schwarzengrund outbreak is the first to be associated with dry pet food.The CDC advises people to wash their hands with warm soapy water for 20 seconds after handling dry pet food, treats, or supplements to avoid getting sick from contaminated pet food. It also advises keeping infants away from pet feeding areas and making sure young children don’t touch or eat the items.CDC. Multistate outbreak of human Salmonella infections caused by contaminated dry dog food—United States, 2006-2007. MMWR 2008;57(19):521-4 [Full text]See also:Sep 4, 2007, CDC update on Salmonella Schwarzengrund outbreakAug 28, 2007, CIDRAP news story “Outbreak strain of Salmonella found in dog food”last_img read more

first_imgAP7 operates as a state-owned alternative to the private investment funds in Sweden’s first-pillar premium pension system.Its Såfa fund has 3m customers, and is composed of AP7’s “building-block” equity and fixed income funds, with the proportions depending on customer age profiles.AP7’s net profit dipped slightly to SEK63.26m in 2013 from SEK64m.Its equity fund generated an investment return of 34% in 2013, up from 18.5% in 2012.In absolute terms, the fund ended the year with a profit of SEK41.99m, up from the previous year’s SEK18.01m.Total assets rose to SEK173.5bn from SEK123.3bn.The bond portfolio, meanwhile, produced a total return of 1.8% in 2013, which AP7 described as a positive result given that market yields had fallen over the year.Last year, the bond fund returned 2.8%.In absolute terms, the bond fund made a profit of SEK160,195, compared with SEK187,155 the year before.Total assets in the bond fund rose to SEK12.69bn from SEK8.87bn. Sweden’s seventh AP fund (AP7) has said it produced a 32% return for savers in its balanced Såfa pension fund, which it said beat the average return of 16% of competitor funds in the premium pension system.Richard Gröttheim, deputy director at AP7, said: “The fact Såfa did so well is down to the large equity exposure.”Leverage also provided an extra boost that was hard to beat in the good times, he said.Fees have been cut for the second year in a row, he said, falling to 0.12% as of 1 January, from 0.14% in the equity fund and to 0.05% from 0.08% for the fixed income fund, he said.last_img read more

first_imgThe JCD Varsity Track traveled to Versailles for a 4 way with South Ripley, Switzerland County, and Shawe Memorial.Boys Scores: JCD 90,  Switz 52, SR 48, and Shawe 33Girls Scores:  Switz 74, JCD 68, SR 38, and Shawe 25Top JCD Performers. Disc                   2nd M Schmitt 121’7, 4th L Comer           1st S Volz, 3rd E Newhart 4 x 100                2nd                                     2nd High Hurdles  3rd W. Meador                 5th K Merkel 400D                2nd A Peetz, 4th L Comer               3rd K Sizemore, 5th A Hammond 800R                2nd D Hughes, 5th L Bernidici            2nd L Dilk Long                1st A Peetz, 3rd C Comer                     1st L Dilk 13’9 1600M             2nd D Hughes, 4th N Laswell         2nd E Hunger, 4 S Bellingham 300H                1st G Boor, 2nd C Comer                4th K Merkel, 5th A Boorcenter_img 3200M             2nd N Laswell, 4th S Pohle             1st E Hunger, 3rd K Minch 200D                1st A Peetz,                           3rd D Hughes, 5th P Ledford High                1st G Boor, 3rd C Comer                     4th T Wilhoit, 5th D Hughes 100D                4th T Dilk                           2nd L Dilk, 4 S Schmeltz 4 x 400                1st                                       3rd Shot                 2nd M Schmitt 41’4, 5th L Comer           2nd S Volz, 5th E Newhart 4 x 800                2nd                                     3rdCourtesy of Easles Coach Larry Hammond.last_img read more

first_imgLeaving no talent untapped in its quest for perfection, the Ford Motor Co. asked Marianne Moore, one of America’s foremost poets in the 1950s, to suggest a name for the product it would debut in late summer, 50 years ago. She replied: “May I submit Utopian Turtletop? Do not trouble to answer unless you like it.” Ford instead named the product for Henry Ford’s late son Edsel. The Edsel would live 26 months. The short, unhappy life of that automobile is rich in lessons, and not only for America’s beleaguered automobile industry. The principal lesson is: Most Americans are not as silly as a few Americans suppose. No industry boomed more in the 1950s than the manufacturing of social criticism excoriating Americans for their bovine “conformity,” crass “materialism” and mindless manipulability at the hands of advertising’s “hidden persuaders.” Vance Packard’s The Hidden Persuaders was atop The New York Times best-seller list as Edsels arrived in showrooms. No product in history had been the subject of so much “scientific” psychology-based market research. Remember the basketball coach who said of his team, “We’re short but we’re slow?” The Edsel was ugly but riddled with malfunctions. So many malfunctions that some people suspected sabotage at plants that had previously assembled Fords and Mercurys. Those two Ford divisions perhaps hoped the Edsel would bomb. “It was clumsy, powerful, dowdy, gauche, well-meaning – a de Kooning woman,” wrote John Brooks, a student of American business, in The New Yorker. Chrome seemed to be piled upon chrome. Potential buyers recoiled from the vertical egg-shaped grill. The transmission was worked by push buttons placed – convenience sacrificed on the altar of novelty – in the center of the steering column. The larger Edsels weighed more than two tons, were 219 inches long and 80 inches wide. These were not the cars for a year in which the success was American Motors’ little Rambler. By Oct. 13, barely more than a month after the Edsel’s debut, anemic sales caused the company to pre-empt “The Ed Sullivan Show” with a Sunday evening Edsel extravaganza featuring Bing Crosby and Frank Sinatra. But there was no sales spurt. Nine days earlier, the Soviet Union had launched its first Sputnik satellite, provoking a crisis of confidence in America’s technological prowess and a reaction against chrome-laden barges as emblems of national self-indulgence. On Nov. 27, Manhattan’s only Edsel dealer gave up his franchise and switched to selling Ramblers. In the spring of 1958, S.I. Hayakawa, a professor of semantics (and later a Republican U.S. senator from California), ascribed the Edsel’s failure to the Ford executives’ excessive confidence in the power of motivational research to enable them to predict – and modify – Americans’ behavior. In their attempt to design a car that would cater to customers’ sexual fantasies, status anxieties and the like, Ford’s deep thinkers had neglected to supply good transportation. “The trouble with selling symbolic gratification via such expensive items ? is the competition offered by much cheaper forms of symbolic gratification, such as Playboy (50 cents a copy), Astounding Science Fiction (35 cents a copy), and television (free),” Hayakawa wrote. In 1958, with the Edsel already turned to ashes, John Kenneth Galbraith, with bad timing comparable to the launch of the Edsel, published The Affluent Society. It asserted that manufacturers, wielding all-powerful advertising, were emancipated by the law of supply and demand because advertisers could manufacture demand for whatever manufacturers wished to supply. This theory buttressed the liberal project of expanding government in the name of protecting incompetent Americans from victimization, and having government supplant the market as the allocator of wealth and opportunity. But all of Ford’s then-mighty marketing prowess could not keep the Edsel from being canceled in 1959. Brooks calculated that it would have been cheaper for Ford to skip the Edsel and give away 110,000 Mercurys. Today, the United Auto Workers union and General Motors, Ford and Chrysler are trying to reverse the slide of the American automobile industry. Fifty Septembers ago, the country was atingle with anticipation of a new product that turned out to be a leading indicator of the slide. As Detroit toils to undo some contractual provisions that have burdened the companies with crippling health care and pension costs, it should remember the real lesson of 1957: Americans are more discerning and less herdable than their cultured despisers suppose, so what matters most is simple. Good products. George Will’s e-mail address is georgewill@washpost.com. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more