Jiangsu Jiangsu 5 City Economic nvestigation of low income farmers low culture
Jiangsu is an economically developed city, such as Suzhou, Nanjing, Kunshan and other places in the country are famous, rich, but Jiangsu is divided into the North Jiangsu and South of Jiangsu, South of Jiangsu’s economic development is very good, but the economy is just passable! Reporters recently learned that, for the 5 cities in northern Jiangsu (Xuzhou, Yancheng, Huaian, Suqian, Lianyungang, a survey report shows that low-income farmers employment is still dominated by the first industry). At the same time, the overall cultural quality of low-income farmers is low, the lack of development potential.
survey of 5 low-income farmers in northern jiangsu. Compared with the ordinary farmers, the low income farmers choose a narrow field, the characteristics of the high proportion of agricultural employment is obvious, and the scale of agricultural operation is narrow.
from the employment structure, low income households resident employees, engaged in primary industry practitioners accounted for 71.7%, 35.7% higher than rural residents in the province; in second industries accounted for 18.4%, 21.9 percentage points lower than that of rural residents in the province; in third industries accounted for 10%, 13.8 percentage points lower than the province’s rural residents.
from the point of view of production resources, low income farmers’ arable land, agricultural machinery and other production resources are relatively scarce, small-scale agricultural operation, low efficiency. 2015, the end of the actual operation of low-income farmers land area of 1.19 acres, less than the province’s rural residents of less than 0.35 acres. Agricultural fixed assets of 428 yuan, accounting for only the province’s rural residents average level of 28.5%.
survey also shows that the overall quality of low-income farmers is low, limiting the employment of low-income farmers and employment areas. Low quality labor employment is difficult, making the lack of development potential.
through the above 5 cities in northern Jiangsu economic survey, we can see that in the backward areas of economic development, people’s education level is very low. Low income farmers overall education level is low, illiteracy rate of 21.9%, higher than the province’s rural residents by 13.4 percentage points. The number of illiterate people in the junior high school and primary school education level, the number of people accounted for 70.6% of the total population, high school and above education level accounted for only about 7.5%. At the same time, the survey shows that low-income farmers, more than 16 years of age in the non members of the school have been trained in agricultural technology accounted for 16.1%, has received non-agricultural vocational skills training accounted for 7.5%.