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first_imgPakistan is a nation built around a single river, the 1,800-mile Indus. So pivotal is it to the nation’s fortunes — providing water for drinking, agriculture, and power — that taming it may be necessary to soften its sometimes-deadly moods, according to water engineer John Briscoe.Managing the river’s floods and the region’s frequent droughts will require modern institutions and adequate infrastructure, Briscoe said. Erecting new dams may also be a central part of the long-term solution.“Is building dams the answer alone? No,” said Briscoe, who heads the new Harvard Water Initiative at the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and has worked on water issues in Pakistan for decades. “Is there any answer in Pakistan without building more dams? No.”Briscoe and colleagues at Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) are partnering with Pakistani universities, governments there and here, nongovernmental organizations, and private entities there.Harvard’s involvement with Pakistan will be different from the crisis earlier this year in Haiti, when an earthquake killed hundreds of thousands, according to Michael VanRooyen, director of the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI) and an associate professor at Harvard Medical School and the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). In Haiti’s case, he said, the surgical and medical expertise of Harvard’s hospitals was desperately needed. In the case of Pakistan, while the disaster is also of enormous magnitude, the relief effort is less of an acute medical crisis and more about getting aid to people over a large area.Even so, VanRooyen said, many Harvard faculty members will be involved in relief efforts through major nongovernmental organizations, such as the International Rescue Committee (IRC), on whose board VanRooyen sits. In addition, HHI, a cross-School initiative that aims to improve humanitarian response through research, will provide support to partner organizations, such as Red Cross and Oxfam.As a core concern, it’s hard to overstate the extent to which Pakistan depends on the Indus River, Briscoe said. With its arid climate, Pakistan is dependent on the river and its tributaries to supply the world’s largest irrigation network, which covers an area 10 times larger than Massachusetts.Though dam construction has fallen out of favor in wealthy nations in recent years, Briscoe said dams do more than just generate power, which some critics insist can be replaced by other sources that don’t change a river valley’s environment. Dams also store water for use during dry months and buffer the effects of flooding rains.Major rivers in arid parts of developed nations have the capacity to store enough water to manage during both wet and dry times, Briscoe said. In the United States, for example, dams on the once-wild Colorado River can store 1,000 days of the river’s average flow. The dams in Pakistan’s Indus system, however, can store just 30 days’ worth. The numbers are similarly stark for generating hydroelectric power, Briscoe said. The United States exploits 80 percent of its hydroelectric potential, while Pakistan uses just 10 percent.Before the recent flooding, one of Pakistan’s greatest worries was a chronic shortage of power and a constant threat of drought. That means that Pakistani water managers — who must store enough to provide irrigation downstream long after the rains end — have had to bring reservoirs to near capacity early in the monsoon season, in case the rains end prematurely. That reality, Briscoe said, provides little room for error in especially rainy seasons.“There is essentially no protection from the vagaries of variations in river flows,” Briscoe said. “When a big event like this comes — or when there is drought — there is no physical buffer between the Indus and people.”July and August’s heavy monsoon rains illustrated how deadly the Indus can be. Briscoe described the disaster as “Katrina times 100” in a nation with 1/100th the resources of the United States.“People living in an enormous area lost absolutely everything,” Briscoe said.The rains sent floodwaters raging down the river, killing more than 1,600 and destroying more than a million homes, along with bridges, roads, power lines, and health clinics. The flooding, called the worst in a century there, is not just a short-term calamity, analysts say. It destroyed so much vital infrastructure that recovery will take years.In the Swat Valley, for example, all 59 bridges were swept away, hampering not just immediate relief efforts, but also the eventual resumption of commerce. Floodwaters, beginning to recede in some parts of the country, still stretch miles from the river in others, spreading the destruction far beyond its usual banks.Jennifer Leaning, the Bagnoud Professor of the Practice of Health and Human Rights, who directs the François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights at HSPH, said the center is concerned about the effects of the enormous disaster on children and plans to work with the HHI on a project focusing on children.Harvard’s South Asia Initiative (SAI) is collaborating with a Pakistani university, according to Sugata Bose, Gardiner Professor of History and the South Asia Initiative director. Bose spoke with the dean of the Lahore University of Management Sciences to work out a coordinated response to the tragedy. Faculty and graduate students affiliated with the initiative will cooperate with Lahore on rebuilding-related priorities. In addition, Bose said, SAI is supporting a visiting scholar, Ali Cheema, a Pakistani development economist.“I visited Pakistan last May, and am in touch with friends and colleagues at the Lahore University of Management Sciences to monitor the situation,” Bose said. “We are convening a meeting next week of faculty at Harvard and Tufts knowledgeable about Pakistan to discuss a coordinated response. We recognize that even though the floods are the immediate threat, drought may be the challenge next year.”Richard Cash, senior lecturer on international health at the HSPH, worked for years in nearby Bangladesh, which floods frequently because of cyclones slamming ashore. Cash expects Pakistan to be a slowly evolving disaster, more akin to still-recovering New Orleans after Katrina than the immediate large loss of life from the Indian Ocean tsunami or the Haitian quake.Cash said experience in Bangladesh indicates that it is best for people to return home from relief camps as soon as possible. Though distribution of aid supplies is problematic outside camps, their crowded conditions not only allow disease to spread, they also affect residents in other ways.“What is absolutely critical is to get people … involved in their own rehabilitation rather than sitting and waiting, which is horribly debilitating,” said Cash, who in the 1960s conducted pioneering studies on using oral rehydration to fight diarrheal diseases, which often spread in floods. “My guess is that the people will go back as quickly as they can to try to rebuild whatever is left.”Leaning agreed that those displaced will return home relatively quickly — farmers don’t stay away from their fields if they can find a way back. Such resettlement, however, presents an enormous challenge in restoring critical infrastructure, providing health care, and attending to psychological loss.Briscoe, who has talked with Pakistani officials, agreed that the nation’s recovery will be long. Even before the flooding, discussions were well advanced for a Harvard program involving University faculty who would work with the government, the private sector, and Pakistani colleges on critical national water issues. These range from understanding the effects of climate change on the Himalayan mountains and the Indus to improving multinational water cooperation to improving productivity and security.“We and colleagues at MIT envision working with Pakistan on management issues to get greater productivity and reduce insecurity with respect to water,” Briscoe said. “In the medium term, both we and our Pakistani partner think there’s a lot we can do to help them.”last_img read more

first_imgThis gadget primarily focuses on cleaning the air that surrounds you. This way, it doesn’t waste battery purifying ambient air that you won’t come into contact with—helping to preserve the purifier’s eight-hour battery life. Furthermore, the feature allows it to primarily focus on any nasties that are right before your nose.6GCool portable air purifier6GCool portable air purifier in useReleases clean air into your environmentThe key factor of the 6GCool portable air purifier is that it releases clean fresh air from its outlet back into the environment. It achieves this by inhaling dirty air from your surroundings and recycling this into purified air that’s safer to breathe.- Advertisement – To help clarify how it works, let’s discuss the differences between dirty and clean air. Dirty air is often referred to as particle pollution and contains dust, dirt, soot, and smoke. Sometimes you can see these molecules around you (think of floating dirt near sunlight or dark pockets of smoke where there’s a fire), but the dangers also lay in the elements that you can’t see, and thus, don’t try to escape from. These particles come from various sources: factories, cars, wood stoves, and more. And inhaling particle pollution can contribute to daily annoyances such as eye irritation, a tickly throat, and tiredness. But more seriously, they can be linked to breathing and lung difficulties, which can then find its way into your bloodstream.Alternatively, clean air doesn’t contain these level levels of pollutants and is safe to breathe. Remaining free from dirt and chemicals allows you to inhale oxygen that isn’t contaminated, and thus, not putting your health in jeopardy.6GCool uses clever technology to source these harmful particles and protects you from 99% of common air pollutants, including smoke, viruses, and dust. It then focuses on cleaning over 10 liters of air per minute. This is 100 times the rate a person typically breathes, so you know that this device is purifying more than the air you’ll then inhale.6GCool portable air purifierHolding the 6GCool portable air purifierCaptures harmful chemicals with its filtration technologyCapturing these harmful particles requires a combination of HEPA filters and PECO filtration. This high-tech portable air purifier locates unsafe chemicals and chops them down into harmless ones that are safer for you to breathe.Firstly, the HEPA filter captures the majority of airborne particles, including allergens, dust mites, pet dander, dust, mold, and pollen. This air purifier also features a titanium dioxide coating and UV-A LEDs for dirty air to stick to. The ionizer further enhances this efficiency so no harmful particles can outrun this device.6GCool portable air purifier6GCool portable air purifier on a child in the carAccommodates to your lifestyleAs well as making air cleaner, the 6GCool portable air purifier fits into your daily life. It’s not a loud, intimidating device that’ll capture everyone’s eyes while you’re on public transport. Instead, it features two operating modes: turbo and normal. So depending on your environment, you can crank up the power or choose a subtle mode to not disturb anyone.The normal mode is quieter and a battery-saving option. Alternatively, the turbo mode is ideal for cleaning larger volumes of air when you’re in a crowded environment, such as a public event, or watching a firework display.Overall, this is a gadget that everyone can incorporate into their lives. It gives you control over the air quality you breathe without any complicated setup or unpractical methods. You don’t need to wave it around to help it locate harmful particles; simply switch it on and its technology will do everything.Pre-order the 6GCool portable air purifier from Kickstarter for $128.84.What are your thoughts on this device? Share your feedback in the comments. The 6GCool portable air purifier doesn’t have a bulky design, allowing you to take it everywhere. And I really do mean everywhere. Use it on public transport, at care homes, the office, and much more. The 6GCool crams a whole lot of power into a small design so you can experience clean air everywhere you go.It even comes with an adjustable neck strap. Therefore, you can conveniently carry the device around with you, and it’s always to hand. This prevents fumbling around your bag, and the quick-release clips allow easy removal when you wish to take it off.6GCool portable air purifier6GCool portable air purifier around a woman’s neckCreates a personal zone of clean air around you- Advertisement – You can’t guarantee that the air you breathe is clean, nor safe. Fortunately, the 6GCool portable air purifier can. It locates harmful air pollutants and releases clean particles back into the environment. Discover how you can incorporate this gadget into your daily routine.The air we breathe is critical to life. But the air that surrounds you might be contributing to allergic reactions, respiratory problems, unproductivity, tiredness, and more. Airborne particles are unseeable but can cause harm when left untouched, and in some serious conditions, can lead to nose, throat, and lung damage.While there’s no way of escaping air in our daily lives, there’s a device that can purify the particles you breathe: 6GCool portable air purifier. It catches dirty air particles and releases fresh air, helping to eradicate any health infirmities. It’s different from conventional units you might have seen before, because it’s small and portable, has an eight-hour battery life, and uses a duo filtration system to effectively capture any nasties in the air.Boasts a portability factor- Advertisement –center_img Amy Poole is an Editor and Writer at Gadget Flow. When she’s not indulged in everything gadget-related, she enjoys spending time with her dog, Rosie, and keeping fit. – Advertisement –last_img read more

first_img The agency said ground beef from the company was used at a Virginia Scout camp where E coli recently broke out. Virginia health officials said in an online update today that 25 E coli cases have been confirmed out of about 84 reported illnesses in Scouts who recently attended the camp in Goshen, Va. Eight scouts have been hospitalized. Aug 7 FSIS news releasehttp://www.fsis.usda.gov/News_&_Events/Recall_027_2008_Release/index.asp The contamination was discovered through a joint investigation by the FSIS and the Virginia Department of Health (VDH), the FSIS said. In July the USDA announced it would soon begin listing the names of retail stores that receive food products involved in class 1 (high-risk) recalls. The new policy is to take effect this month. “We have 11 culture-confirmed cases of E coli, and 5 of those have a PFGE [pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, or DNA fingerprint] pattern that matches some of the leftover product at the camp, which was produced by S&S Foods,” Metz told CIDRAP News today. She said no cases elsewhere have been linked to S&S Foods products so far. See also: VDH spokeswoman Cheryle Rodriguez said the reason Virginia and the FSIS have mentioned different numbers of confirmed cases (25 versus 11) is that some of the cases have not yet been tied to ground beef. “Those are cases, yes, but we have not confirmed that they’re associated with the ground beef,” she told CIDRAP News. “Right now that’s the main thing we’re looking at, but we look at all possibilities.” S&S Foods of Azusa, Calif., is recalling 30-pound boxes of frozen ground beef because of possible E coli contamination, the USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) said in a news release. The products were sold to food services and institutions, not retail stores, the FSIS said. Aug 7, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – An Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak at a Boy Scout camp in Virginia has been linked to ground beef from a California company, prompting the firm to recall 153,630 pounds of beef, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) reported today. Virginia’s Jul 31 news release with latest updatehttp://www.vdh.state.va.us/news/PressReleases/2008/073108ecoli.htm The ground beef products were shipped to distributors in Allentown, Pa., and Milwaukee, the FSIS said. The 30-pound boxes carry the establishment number “EST. 20375” inside the USDA mark of inspection, and the individual packages are labeled “742798 MFST, 100% GROUND BEEF BULK, 80/20, 1LB. BRICK.” “Through our trace-back we confirmed that the camp had some of the S&S food products, and that’s what was used in dinners at the camp on certain days,” leading to the recall, said Emily Metz, an FSIS spokeswoman in Washington, DC. USDA spokeswoman Laura Reiser said the agency will not be releasing a list of establishments that received the meat, as it was not sold in retail stores, according to a Washington Post report published today.last_img read more

first_img“People are seeing potential in Trinity Park, with high-quality estates like Bluewater, older properties on large blocks getting subdivided and new first-class facilities like the boat ramp being upgraded…”“The property itself was well-designed and well-presented by the previous owners, it catered to every need.” Inside 77 Harbour Drive, Trinity Park.The 77 Harbour Drive property was sold on December 14 to a southern couple looking to retire on the water.Mr Shingles said he hoped the estate would continue breaking sales records.“We’ve got a new listing coming up soon on the estate at 115-117 Harbour Drive, which is due to be photographed and looking to be offered in the $3 million range,” he said. 77 Harbour Drive, Trinity Park was the top seller in December 2018 in Cairns for $1.425 million.BLUEWATER Harbour estate at Trinity Park ended the year on a high note with property sales.The waterfront property at 77 Harbour Drive, Trinity Park, was the top-selling property in Cairns for December, going for $1.425 million. The pool at 77 Harbour Drive, Trinity Park. 77 Harbour Drive, Trinity Park, is one of the waterfront properties in Bluewater Harbour estate.“We’ve had record sales two years in a row with 4 Brindabella Quay going for $2.5 million in late 2017, 22-24 Brindabella Quay going for $2.65 million in August and we’re aiming for a third this year.” >> HOT OFFER: CAIRNS POST DIGITAL SUBSCRIPTION FOR $5 A MONTH 77 Harbour Drive, Trinity Park was the top seller in December 2018 in Cairns for $1.425 million.However, it still wasn’t a patch on the biggest sale for the year, which went for $2.65 million at 22-24 Brindabella Quay in August at the same estate.Agent Nathan Shingles from FNQ Hot Property said it was no surprise activity was so hot in the area.“Bluewater Harbour is quite undervalued at the moment compared to southern waterfront estates, but we’re seeing it come into its own,” he said.More from newsCairns home ticks popular internet search terms2 days agoTen auction results from ‘active’ weekend in Cairns2 days agolast_img read more

first_imgAcute leukaemia has a high relapse rateScientists are working on a way to stop one of the most aggressive forms of acute leukaemia, MLL, returning after a patient has received treatment.Recurrence of the blood cancer caused by rogue leukaemic stem cells is a major problem for doctors.But a team at King’s College London, working on mice, have raised hopes of a solution.They describe in the journal Cell Stem Cell how they eliminated the stem cells by suppressing two key proteins.It is hoped the work, funded by Cancer Research UK and Leukaemia Lymphoma Research, will lead to new treatments which will enable complete remission for patients with a form of acute leukaemia.Cancer stem cells appear to be more resistant than other leukaemia cells to standard treatments, such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy.So even after treatment appears to have been initially successful, they can remain to trigger a new round of disease, which often reappears in a more aggressive form.More than 50% of acute leukaemia patients will relapse and survival is poor, with fewer than half living for five years.The King’s team looked at leukaemic stem cells found in a type of acute leukaemia involving mutations in a gene called MLL.This particularly aggressive form of the disease accounts for about 70% of infant leukaemias, and 10% of adult acute leukaemias.Only half of children diagnosed with the disease survive for two years after receiving standard treatment.Double assaultA protein called Bmi1 was already known to play a key role in the survival and proliferation of various cancer stem cells.But the King’s team showed that targeting Bmi1 alone was not enough to eradicate the rogue stem cells, as had previously been thought. To do that, the scientists found that Bmi1 had to be targeted in harness with a second protein, Hoxa9.This double assault abolished the ability of MLL mutation to induce leukaemia.Researcher Professor Eric So said: “These findings take us a step forward in our understanding of how this devastating disease can return in patients after they have received the standard treatment.“Now we know that leukaemic stem cells in certain types of leukaemia, such as MLL, can survive and proliferate independently of the Bmi1 protein, we need to consider more carefully the future of stem cell therapy to treat the disease.“It’s not as easy as people originally thought it might be.”Professor So said the next step would be to pin down exactly how the two proteins help cancer cells to grow.Professor Peter Johnson, Cancer Research UK’s chief clinician, said: “Cancer stem cells appear to be more resistant to radiotherapy and chemotherapy than the other leukaemia cells, so understanding how they originate – and how we can kill them – will be a major step in being able to help even more people survive leukaemia in future.”Dr David Grant, scientific director of Leukaemia & Lymphoma Research, said: “It is now widely agreed that leukaemia stem cells are the true target for new or existing drugs if patients are to be cured.“This research is important in uncovering how leukaemia stem cells are controlled at the genetic level which in turn will guide new treatments to tackle this difficult problem.”BBC News Share HealthLifestyle Hopes raised of blocking return of leukaemia by: – June 4, 2011 Share Sharing is caring!center_img Share 15 Views   no discussions Tweetlast_img read more

first_img Promoted Content7 Reasons Why You Aren’t Getting The Tasks DoneBest & Worst Celebrity Endorsed Games Ever Made10 Characters That Should Be Official Disney PrincessesThe Best Cars Of All Time8 Weird Facts About Coffee That Will Surprise YouCouples Who Celebrated Their Union In A Unique, Unforgettable Way10 Risky Jobs Some Women Do7 Things That Actually Ruin Your PhoneCan Playing Too Many Video Games Hurt Your Body?5 Of The World’s Most Unique Theme ParksWho’s The Best Car Manufacturer Of All Time?The Very Last Bitcoin Will Be Mined Around 2140. Read More Seko Fofana may well have said that he has ‘chosen Lens’ as his next club, but Udinese won’t let him go for under €20m. The 25-year-old Ivorian midfielder announced in L’Equipe newspaper this week that he had already picked the next step in his career. “I received many offers, but my choice was immediate. I asked myself what I really wanted and that was a return to France. “I watched a few Lens games and want to bring my experience to this club. I can only thank Udinese, as I had four great years there and we were able to secure Serie A safety. “I hope the two clubs can reach an agreement soon. My choice has been made and I choose Lens.”Advertisement Loading… center_img However, that is by no means to be taken for granted, because Lens have just been promoted to Ligue 1 and don’t have the biggest transfer budget. read also:PSG set to face old foes Marseille early in French season Udinese are holding out for €20m and the Corriere dello Sport insist there will be no discounts. Fofana is under contract until June 2022, so they are not forced to make a sale, while there is plenty of interest from bigger clubs too. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 last_img read more